What are Abrasions?
In the field of medicine, the word “Abrasion” can be described as a wound or an injury that causes superficial damage to your skin. Since it only affects the uppermost layer of your skin, an abrasion usually goes no deeper than the epidermis. Many people believe that an abrasion is the same as a laceration, but this is not true. Abrasions are a lot less severe, as compared to most other types of skin injuries and wounds, including a laceration.
Symptoms for Abrasions
Since abrasions are relatively shallow wounds on the skin, they are noticeable almost immediately, especially since they may be accompanied by pain in some cases. However, it is quite common for a person to confuse an abrasion with a cut, or other similar skin wounds, mainly because the signs and symptoms for abrasions are not exclusive. Some of the symptoms for abrasions are actually common to other skin-related bruises too. Given below are some of the milder symptoms for abrasions on the skin:
• Partial loss of layers of skin (in a few cases, complete loss)
• Pain and swelling
• Oozing of fluid or bleeding at the site
• Tenderness on and around the area, which worsens when touched
• Burning sensation
• Redness where the skin has been scraped off
• Mild to moderate fever
• Itching in case the abrasion is a result of an insect bite or an allergic reaction.
Remedies for Abrasions:
Fortunately, an abrasion is rarely a cause for concern and can be dealt with quite easily, using simple and natural home remedies. However, in order to avoid an infection, it is important to make sure that the wound has been cleaned properly. Therefore, the first step in the treatment for an abrasion is washing the affected area with some cool fresh water and an antibacterial soap. This may burn or sting a little, but it is an important step, which cannot be skipped. After the area has been cleaned, rubbing it dry will only aggravate the abrasion. Therefore, use a clean towel to pat the area gently, till it is dry. Once the abrasion has been cleaned and dried, it is best to apply a thick coat of petroleum jelly over the area. This not only soothes the skin, but also moisturizes it. Dry skin usually delays the healing process and therefore, it is better to keep the area moisturized as long as possible.
Lavender oil is also very effective in the treatment of abrasions, as it not only disinfects the wound, but also helps it heal faster. Prepare some thyme tea and add 3 to 5 drops of lavender essential oil to it. Apply this mixture on to the affected area once or twice a day. You could also make a salve at home, using some tea tree and comfrey, as these herbs are excellent for treating abrasions.
Aloe Vera is another natural remedy that is used for soothing many skin problems, including an abrasion, as it contains healing properties. Aloe Vera gel is easily available at most stores, but it is best to use a fresh Aloe Vera leaf for this purpose. Slit the leaf in such a way that the inner gel is exposed. Apply this gel directly on to the affected part of the skin.
Vinegar is regarded as a natural astringent, because it cleanses wounds and aids in the healing process. For best results, dilute one part of vinegar with 3 parts of water and using a piece of cotton, dab the solution over the open abrasion. Warm water yields better results as compared to cold water.
Many individuals choose to apply a dressing or bandages over abrasions to protect the damaged skin against further injury and to avoid the risk of infections. However, it is important to change the bandage often and at the same time, expose the skin to some amount of fresh air, so that a scab can be formed, as a part of the natural healing process.
Few Home Remedies for Abrasions:
The juice of the marigold leaves is having both the antiinflammatory and antibiotic effect on the open wounds.
Clean salt with Iodine which everyone knows is a natural astringent. Salt is widely used to draw out infection in opened and closed wounds if you use Iodized salt it takes it a step further by adding the Iodine protection to the wound. Yes it will sting, but at the same time it will clean and start the curing process.
Vinegar is a natural astringent it will cleanse any wound as well as help heal it. Just dilute 1 part vinegar with 3 parts water then pat it over the open abrasion. If you can warm the water this would be even better.